Php Date Function Cheater List

August 26, 2009 / Updated: August 26, 2009 / Lena Shore

Can’t remember all the different date formats for php when making time stamps? I found that I needed to look these up frequently enough that I thought it would be handy to make a post. Now I always know where to go. Maybe it will help one of you too.

Formats

  • d – The day of the month (from 01 to 31)
  • D – A textual representation of a day (three letters)
  • j – The day of the month without leading zeros (1 to 31)
  • l (lowercase ‘L’) – A full textual representation of a day
  • N – The ISO-8601 numeric representation of a day (1 for Monday through 7 for Sunday)
  • S – The English ordinal suffix for the day of the month (2 characters st, nd, rd or th. Works well with j)
  • w – A numeric representation of the day (0 for Sunday through 6 for Saturday)
  • z – The day of the year (from 0 through 365)
  • W – The ISO-8601 week number of year (weeks starting on Monday)
  • F – A full textual representation of a month (January through December)
  • m – A numeric representation of a month (from 01 to 12)
  • M – A short textual representation of a month (three letters)
  • n – A numeric representation of a month, without leading zeros (1 to 12)
  • t – The number of days in the given month
  • L – Whether it’s a leap year (1 if it is a leap year, 0 otherwise)
  • o – The ISO-8601 year number
  • Y – A four digit representation of a year
  • y – A two digit representation of a year
  • a – Lowercase am or pm
  • A – Uppercase AM or PM
  • B – Swatch Internet time (000 to 999)
  • g – 12-hour format of an hour (1 to 12)
  • G – 24-hour format of an hour (0 to 23)
  • h – 12-hour format of an hour (01 to 12)
  • H – 24-hour format of an hour (00 to 23)
  • i – Minutes with leading zeros (00 to 59)
  • s – Seconds, with leading zeros (00 to 59)
  • e – The timezone identifier (Examples: UTC, Atlantic/Azores)
  • I (capital i) – Whether the date is in daylights savings time (1 if Daylight Savings Time, 0 otherwise)
  • O – Difference to Greenwich time (GMT) in hours (Example: +0100)
  • T – Timezone setting of the PHP machine (Examples: EST, MDT)
  • Z – Timezone offset in seconds. The offset west of UTC is negative, and the offset east of UTC is positive (-43200 to 43200)
  • c – The ISO-8601 date (e.g. 2004-02-12T15:19:21+00:00)
  • r – The RFC 2822 formatted date (e.g. Thu, 21 Dec 2000 16:01:07 +0200)
  • U – The seconds since the Unix Epoch (January 1 1970 00:00:00 GMT)

Example:


echo("Result with date():");
echo(date("l") . "");
echo(date("l dS of F Y h:i:s A") . "");
echo("Oct 3,1975 was on a ".date("l", mktime(0,0,0,10,3,1975))."");
echo(date(DATE_RFC822) . "");
echo(date(DATE_ATOM,mktime(0,0,0,10,3,1975)) . "


echo("Result with gmdate():");
echo(gmdate("l") . "");
echo(gmdate("l dS of F Y h:i:s A") . "");
echo("Oct 3,1975 was on a ".gmdate("l", mktime(0,0,0,10,3,1975))."");
echo(gmdate(DATE_RFC822) . "");
echo(gmdate(DATE_ATOM,mktime(0,0,0,10,3,1975)) . "");
?>

Result:


Result with date():
Tuesday
Tuesday 24th of January 2006 02:41:22 PM
Oct 3,1975 was on a Friday
Tue, 24 Jan 2006 14:41:22 CET
1975-10-03T00:00:00+0100


Result with gmdate():
Tuesday
Tuesday 24th of January 2006 01:41:22 PM
Oct 3,1975 was on a Thursday
Tue, 24 Jan 2006 13:41:22 GMT
1975-10-02T23:00:00+0000

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